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Understanding of root trait relationships improves
Root foraging is essential for plant growth and ecosystem functioning. In most plants, the furthest points of the root systems, known as absorptive roots, undertake this function. There has been a substantial amount of research into the variations among these absorptive roots. Last week, Assistant Professor Junjian Wang from the School of Environmental Science and Engineering at Southern University of Science and Technology published a paper on root economics spectrum (RES), a common hypothesis about the relationship between the need to acquire resources and live a long life. The paper, titled “Nonlinearity of root trait relationships and the root economics spectrum,” was published in leading academic journal Nature Communications, in which it introduced his team’s latest research in plant ecology. Junjian Wang was one of the corresponding authors of the paper. The RES hypothesizes that roots trade-off between acquiring resources and conserving life. It suggests that roots should follow a trend from fast foraging and short lifespan (an acquisitive strategy) to slow foraging and long lifespan (a conservative strategy). At a global scale, the RES gradient has been used to understand root tissue function and in explaining responses of ecosystem carbon and nutrient cycling to climate change. However, whether the RES exists was under debate as the previous root trait relationships in different studies are conflicting. Junjian Wang and his colleagues opted for a much broader spectrum of plant species from across the globe, in order to assess the validity of RES and find new ways of measuring the relationships. With more than 800 species, the team conjectured that the relationships between root tissue density (RTD), root nitrogen concentration (RN) and root diameter would not be linear. They also hypothesized that non-woody plants would have weaker root trait relationships than woody plants, due to the harsher environments than non-woody plants grow in. The team was able to show that there is an allometric relationship between the increase in the thickness of tissues outside stele (tToS) and the increase in stele radius with increasing root diameter for both woody and non-woody plants. Specifically, the thickness of the tToS increases at a faster rate than the stele radius does from thin to thick absorptive roots. This allometric relationship resulted in the non-linear relationships between the RTD, RN, and root diameter. These non-linear relationships suggest that traditional linearity-based methods can easily cause errors in understanding the root trait relationships. In addition, the study discussed how plant phylogeny, growth form, and mycorrhizal type altered the root trait relationships and the relevant ecological significance. The team also explains why the RES may not exist. According to the RES, roots either have lighter mass (i.e., less investment), shorter life, and high foraging capacity, or have heavier mass (i.e., more investment), longer lifespan, and low foraging capacity. However, both the model based on the allometric relationship and the measured data indicate that the dry mass of the root increases monotonously with increasing diameter and does not decrease as the root tissue density decreases. Furthermore, the thick absorptive root can have a thick cortex, low tissue density and high fungal infection rate, and thus high nutrient absorption capacity and high nitrogen concentration. Therefore, the thick absorptive root may have both a longer life span and a higher nutrient absorption capacity, which contradicts the prediction of the RES. The finding reconciles the debate on the relationship between RTD and root diameter for woody plant species. The studies reporting negative relationships included a higher proportion of species with thin roots and high RTD than studies reporting no relationships. This demonstrates that those studies reporting no relationships focus on the region of slow decrease of RTD with increasing root diameter. Therefore, nonlinearity of the root trait relationships could underpin how sampling bias from different parts of the nonlinear curves produces contradicting results as shown in recent studies. Deliang Kong (Shenyang Agricultural University), Junjian Wang (SUSTech), Huifang Wu (Henan University), Oscar J. Valverde-Barrantes (Florida International University) and Ruili Wang (Northwest A&F University) were co-first authors. DeliangK ong, Junjian Wang and Yulong Feng (Shenyang Agricultural University) were corresponding authors of the study. Hui Zeng (Peking University), Paul Kardol (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences) and Haiyan Zhang (Shenyang Agricultural University) participated in the study. The research was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China, the National Natural Science Foundation, and the Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Soil and Groundwater Pollution Prevention and Control. Original paper:
Postgraduate students from Water Security Center of UEA visited SUSTech
Professor Dabo Guan, a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Social Sciences in UK, and 5 master students from the Water Security Center of the University of East Anglia (UEA) has visited the School of Environmental Science and Engineering (ESE) at Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech) between April 10 and 17. Vice Provost and ESE Founding Dean Chunmiao Zheng and ESE vice Dean Junguo Liu met with the delegation. ESE vice Dean, professor Junguo Liu gave the UEA masters students a briefing into the research background and projects of ESE, before giving a report on “Global Change and Water Security”. Later, Professor Dabo Guan presented an academic report on “Carbon Emissions of Climate Change and International Trade” to the SUSTech students, in which the research achievements of Dabo’s team in recent years have been introduced. Apart from academic workshop, both students and faculty members from UEA and ESE have visited many worldwide well-known enterprises and famous ecological gardens in Shenzhen during this period, such as China International Marine Containers (Group) Ltd. (CIMC), China Resources Power (Haifeng) Plant and Xianhu Botanic Garden. Thanks to these practical activities, the visiting group interviewed consultants and engineers from these related companies. The students acquired more knowledge on how these companies respond to climate change and water security issues in particular, and how to make effective use of water resources in Shenzhen. In recent years, UEA and SUSTech have carried out many joint-PhD training projects and it is the first time for this two universities carrying out the master-exchange and cooperation project. Earlier this month, UEA President David Richardson visited SUSTech and discussed the issue of cooperation on liberal arts with SUSTech President Shiyi Chen. During the event, David Richardson met with 5 UEA master students from this short-term exchange project, and 6 SUSTech PhD students from the SUSTech-UEA joint-PhD training projects.
World Water Day 2019: SUSTech researchers investigating clean water for all
World Water Day is an annual United Nations (UN) observance day that highlights the importance of freshwater. It is used to advocate for the sustainable management of freshwater resources around the world. This year’s theme is “Leaving no one behind,” encouraging people to consider marginalized groups as they are often overlooked and discriminated against when they try to access safe water. Focusing on clean water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) falls within the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG6), which calls for clean water and sanitation for all people. The official wording of SDG6 reads “ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.” Many researchers around the world are working to find ways to improve water quality, testing different methods to improve the accuracy of their data. As a rapidly rising research university in China, the Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech) has been committed to improving water availability and water quality through the School of Environmental Science and Engineering since its inception in 2015. Just last week, SUSTech hosted the International Symposium on Water Security and Climate Change, in conjunction with Chinese Academy of Sciences and Gothenburg University in Sweden, and the conference co-chair, Professor Liu Junguo from SUSTech is a leader in the field. SUSTech is also home to several key laboratories that are working to stop and reverse water pollution problems. Founding Dean Zheng Chunmiao of the School of Environmental Science and Engineering heads the State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Integrated Surface Water- Groundwater Pollution Control. SUSTech is also host to the Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Soil and Groundwater Pollution Control. The major focus of the School of Environmental Science and Engineering is around water, with the majority of its faculty members examining hydrological matters in some capacity. Whether they are looking at groundwater depletion, watershed biogeochemistry, drinking water safety, waste disposal, or desalination techniques, faculty members and their research team are more often than not tackling some of the world’s biggest water problems. With water quality being an important issue around China and the world for everyone, Assistant Professor Lian Feng is conducting groundbreaking research that could provide far more information about water quality than in the past. His research focus is on the remote sensing of water environments and examining the impact of environmental changes of inland and coastal waters. Lian Feng is also redesigning satellite observations for the improved measurement of changes in the water around the world. Lian Feng is taking part in a major project in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area, where he is hoping to measure the interaction between the mouth of the Pearl River and the South China Sea. The Pearl River is an enormous river system that comes together in the Pearl River Delta, and has become polluted through the rapid development of the region. With the Greater Bay Area hosting nearly 70 million people and a GDP of almost US$1.5 trillion in 2017, it is critical that water quality improves for everyone through this area. Lian Feng has adapted scientific methodology intended initially for monitoring the ocean surface for studying coastal and inland waters. At first, the oceanic studies would examine plankton reproduction and chlorophyll-a concentration. In more recent years, coastal and inland waters are believed to have been influenced more by humanity. The influences of humans on these areas are important issues for a wide range of academic disciplines. He uses remote sensing, or satellite data, due to its cost savings and increased quality of the data from satellites. He has published more than 50 papers about remote sensing and the use of satellite data in environmental evaluation. Remote sensing provides a range of data, including electromagnetic waves, infrared radiation and light from the visible spectrum. Lian Feng uses this data, as opposed to UAVs and submersibles, as a substantial cost saving measure. UAVs do provide a higher resolution than satellite but can only operate to a limited area. On the other hand, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) that Lian Feng uses can provide images of more than two thousand square kilometers, a substantial improvement on what UAVs offer. The MODIS images are updated every one or two days, with other similar satellites providing full global coverage in just 16 days. Submersibles are also expensive, but Lian Feng is hoping to receive funding for a buoy in the Pearl River Delta that could provide real-time data. The project on the Greater Bay Area would use remote sensing to monitor the historical changes in water quality between the Pearl River and the South China Sea. He is seeking to link the changes to climate change, human activities or any other outputs. Working with Chair Professor Chunmiao Zheng, the study would look at the correlation between the difference in water quality and the output from the hydrological models. Two surveys have already taken place to calibrate the tests, to ensure that the research team understands what is happening in the water. Lian Feng’s breakthrough has provided critical datasets and important validation methods for advancing the hydrological models of Chunmiao Zheng’s team, resulting in more accurate predictive capabilities. Lian Feng likens his study to taking a photo. “At first, it’s like taking a photo with a black and white camera. You have to add hydrological models to get some color to the photo. Even if you have a blurry photo, you have some idea about what is happening. With the new models I have worked on with Chunmiao, the images are much sharper, and we can provide a much better analysis of what is happening in the water.” He reflected on his time in Cambodia with the School of Environmental Science and Engineering. Lian Feng pointed out that Tonle Sap Lake in Cambodia is very similar to Poyang Lake in Jiangxi Province, particularly in terms of their environmental importance. He believed that there is enormous potential to help the people of Cambodia with the knowledge that he gains from his studies both in the Greater Bay Area and more broadly around China and the world. After this interview, Lian Feng led a team to the middle and lower Yangtze River Basin, starting at the Dongting Lake in northern Hunan Province and heading downstream through central China. He led the group of 10 other scientists to Poyang, Honghu, Futou, Liangzi, Tangxun, Dongting, Sanshan, Shijiu, Changdang, Taihu, Yangcheng, through 11 lakes in total. Satellites allow them to examine the levels of eutrophication and the color of the water, but on the ground, they will be able to get a much better idea of what is happening in each lake. This is the third field trip to these lakes conducted by the group. This research will further support his recent paper that was published in top international journal Remote Sensing of Environment last month, titled “Monitoring and understanding the water transparency changes of fifty large lakes in the Yangtze Plain based on long-term MODIS observations.” As a well-published young scholar, he has enormous potential to make a huge difference to ensure that governments and policy makers in China and even around the world can make better decisions. Water quality and sanitation for all is of critical importance, and having a better understanding of what specific activities are influencing water quality will provide billions of people the clean water they so desperately need.   -- This article is reprinted from SUSTech News Hub:
Top water security experts from around the world gathered at SUSTech Symposium
Nowadays, international water security is a major challenge facing humanity, causing environmental, economic, social, and cultural issues. Ensuring water security, hence, plays a key role in achieving the United Nations’ sustainable development goals (SDGs) in different countries around the world. This week, the International Symposium on Water Security and Climate Change was held at the Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech), Shenzhen, China. World well-known academicians, fellows of academies, and scholars came together to discuss major issues related to international water security under continuing climate change. SUSTech Vice Provost (Global Strategy) and Founding Dean of the School of Environmental Science and Engineering Prof. Chunmiao Zheng attended the symposium with the current dean Prof. Zhang Youkuan. Renowned Prof. Junguo Liu convened the symposium and presided over the opening ceremony. The symposium aimed at ensuring water security in China and its neighbors, particularly Southeast Asian countries. Experts from multiple interdisciplinary research fields came to SUSTech to discuss the impact of climate change on water resources utilization in Southeast Asia.   There were a series of highly intelligent speeches during the symposium: Alexander J.B. Zehnder from the Nanyang Technological University (Singapore) talked about the challenges of water security and the regional differences in water consumption; Steven Gorelick from the Stanford University (USA) explained arsenic pollution in Southeast Asian aquifers that is a serious safety problem for local groundwater use; Deliang Chen from the University of Gothenburg (Sweden) talked about the current limitations of climate models, and how the new high-precision WRF models have improved water vapor transport simulations over the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau; Dennis P. Lettenmaier from the American Academy of Engineering spoke convincingly of the strong relationship between extreme floods and water vapor transport, and how soil moisture influences flood generation processes; Jeffrey J. McDonnell from the Royal Canadian Academy of Sciences explained that the water balance of ecosystems at the basin scale requires a new water management approach; Chongyu Xu from the University of Oslo (Norway) examined the need to remodel the water cycle processes based on environmental modifications in response to climate change; Junguo Liu from SUSTech (China) believes that integrating human-made grey infrastructure with nature-based green infrastructure is a key to offset such water shortages. SUSTech (China) with the University of Gothenburg (Sweden) sponsored this symposium. Some of the participants were served as the consulting committee for the Climate and Water Resources Changes in the Great Rivers Regions in Southeast and South Asia Project (Great Rivers Project). This was co-chaired by Prof. Junguo Liu and Prof. Deliang Chen. The Great Rivers Project launched on 30 September 2018, acting towards the environmental development of the Belt and Road Initiative. It addresses the key environmental issues throughout Southeast and South Asia, with a focus on regional climate and water variability and change in the Lancang-Mekong River Basin. The Great Rivers Project will investigate both current and future climate change scenarios to understand the historical evolution and future of water resources in Southeast and South Asia. It mainly aims at explaining the natural and human driving mechanisms behind changes in water resource use. This knowledge will provide the scientific background and technical support to ensure water security throughout Southeast and South Asia under the Belt and Road Initiative.
School of Environment unveils core facility
The School of Environmental Science and Engineering at Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech) celebrated the opening of its core facility for environmental analysis last week. Following a dedication ceremony, an open house succeeded in attracting dozens of faculty and students across campus to visit the facility. The online reservation system, the applications of instruments, and how the laboratory would operate on a day-to-day basis were topics of interest. The Core Facility Management Committee Chair, Professor Yan Zheng of the School of Environment presided over the ceremony that was attended by over 40 people. She shared experience of how to turn an idea of core facility to reality, and the plan for the next steps. the Notable attendees included the Executive Dean of the School of Environment Youkuan Zhang, the Director of the Office of Facilities Baoguo Wang, and Technology Transfer Center Deputy Director Zhang Zuotai. The core facility seeks to optimize sharing of equipment for cutting edge research to serve the needs in the School of Environment. It is also accessible by faculty and students across SUSTech campus and to researchers in the Greater Guangdong - Hong Kong – Macao Bay area.   The core facility benefited from financial support from a range of external sources and is crucial in supporting the missions of the following:  National Key Laboratory for Comprehensive Prevention and Control of Surface Water and Groundwater Pollution;  Guangdong Key Laboratory for Soil and Groundwater Pollution Prevention and Remediation;  Shenzhen Key Laboratory for Soil and Groundwater Pollution Control;  Shenzhen Key Laboratory for Solid Waste Recycling Technology and Management; and  Shenzhen Engineering Laboratory for Environmental Internet of Things. Source: School of Environmental Science and Engineering  
SUSTech holds 2019 Spring Meeting on Strategic Planning Development
The first weekend of the spring semester saw Southern University of Science and Technology hold its 2019 Meeting Strategic Planning Development (the Meeting). The Meeting aims to explain the next stage of SUSTech’s development strategy. University Council Chairperson Guo Yurong and President Chen Shiyi joined heads of departments and research centers and nearly 400 other faculty members at the Meeting. The weekend long meeting was hosted by Vice Presidents Teng Jinguang and Tang Tao. Guo Yurong first spoke about working hard, consolidating the foundation, improving educational quality, and building a modern university governance system with Chinese characteristics. She reviewed SUSTech’s 2018 achievements, analyzed the new era faced by SUSTech and pointed out the unprecedented attention being paid to higher education at the 2018 National Education Conference. The development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area (Greater Bay Area) has brought unprecedented new opportunities and requirements of Shenzhen's development. The new opportunities for new universities in China are also facing new opportunities and challenges. She hoped that everyone at SUSTech would insist on seizing opportunities and gaining new achievements. Guo Yurong noted that universities reflect a country's future, so SUSTech must follow the right direction under the governance of leadership. SUSTech should be responsible for making effective decisions and striving to build a high-quality faculty, an academic credit system, and a professional and efficient administrative management system. By working together, SUSTech can ensure smooth cooperation. Chen Shiyi talked about new directions, advantages, and breakthroughs in conjunction with the building of a world-class university, rooted in China. He reviewed the progress and challenges of the past, then analyzed the upcoming challenges. Chen Shiyi pointed out that 2019 will lead to the most critical stage of SUSTech’s development since its establishment. Consolidating existing achievements should lead to the promotion of improved faculty development, administrative management and internationalized standards across SUSTech. President Chen Shiyi put forward the 2019 action scheme for SUSTech’s development. He pointed out that SUSTech will implement the development plans set by the Board of Trustees, further accelerate the development of first-class disciplines by optimizing its subject arrangement. SUSTech will actively promote relevant academic departments and disciplines while preparing for constructing the School of Medicine. His program includes improving its talent pipeline, practically expanding its subject selection and strengthening the development of its faculty team. SUSTech will also accelerate its global vision, optimizing the undergraduate enrollment while cultivating postgraduate students. It will also continue to work on developing campus infrastructure while enhancing campus culture. Everyone on campus is expected to make breakthroughs in a variety of areas throughout 2019. University Council Vice Chairperson Li Fengliang reported on building a cooperative student work system. He examined the current problems in cultivating talent and the need to establish a new system. In order to better cultivate talented individuals and leaders, the strategic plans would need to see the realization of cooperation within and between departments, improving professional levels and establishing new synergies. Li Fengliang also pointed out that any new work system should be problem-oriented, while comprehensively promoting student work through established institutions. The cooperative relationship would help to create a collaborative education model for top-notch innovative talents with a global vision, comprehensive quality, and innovative ability while assisting with industry-university-research collaboration. Vice President Lu Chun addressed the audience about SUSTech’s Campus services. He talked about food, housing, and transportation, before expanding into the 2018 achievements in catering services, property services, power supply systems, and information development. Lu Chun said that in 2019, SUSTech’s general services would strive for continued professionalism, refinement, standardization, and internationalization, further improving SUSTech’s service work. Vice President Teng Jinguang spoke about building a world-class postgraduate training system. He elaborated on the training orientation and development goals of postgraduate education in institutions of higher education. Teng Jinguang took time to explain in detail the incentive mechanisms, based on key performance indicators (KPIs) for postgraduate training, and proposed specific concepts for the next postgraduate training work as the main challenge. Chief Financial Officer Ye Qin reported about SUSTech’s capital efficiency and innovation. Through his review of SUSTech’s financial work, Ye Qi evaluated existing problems and challenges, before putting forward measure to ensure the efficient use of funds. He also recommended expanded use of the financial system, while constantly strengthening financial security and improve the level of management services. Zheng Chunmiao, Vice Provost (Global Strategies) talked about the globalization of SUSTech. He introduced the internationalization, characteristics, and achievements of SUSTech so far, before addressing the challenges ahead. Zheng Chunmiao made several suggestions that addressed those problems. The 2nd morning saw participants take part in 6 sub-sessions to conduct in-depth research and discussion on several topics. The groups discussed issues like student development, performance appraisal, staff professionalization, international education, campus service and security, and capital efficiency. In the afternoon, the representatives of the six groups reported the results of their discussions to the Meeting. President Chen Shiyi summarized the meeting and commended the discussions, as they would lay a solid foundation for future work. Guo Yurong described the Meeting as enthusiastic, earnest and fruitful. She added that everyone present reflected the enthusiasm of the SUSTech community, and hoped that the future works of SUSTech would be carried out as planned. The convening of the Meeting symbolizes the start of a new journey. Everyone at SUSTech should work together towards the goal of building a world-class university, rooted in China.
Professor Junguo Liu of SUSTech joined the Royal Geographical Society as a Fellow
Recently, Professor Junguo Liu of the School of Environmental Science and Engineering at the Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech) was nominated to be a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society (RGS). The RGS is the UK’s learned society and professional body for geography. As a leading centre for geographers and geographical studies, the RGS has made a huge effort to promote ‘advancement for geographical science’. The Society was founded in 1830 with the name of Geographical Society of London (GSI) and later in 1859 it became known for the RGS. For a more systematic study of geography, another institution, the Institute of British Geographers (IBG) was established in 1933 as a sister body to the Society. In 1955, the new Royal Geographical Society was formed with the combination of the RGS and the IBG. The Royal Geographical Society has attracted a number of active researchers and professional geographers , including Charles Darwin, the founder of evolution. Professor Liu, a famous expert on hydrology and ecological restoration, had made many significant contributions in geography. He was selected as Water Technical Advisory Group Member of the United Nations (4 numbers in total in the world), a Lead Author of the Sixth Assessment Report of IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), a target leader of the Decade Program 2013-2022 (Panta Rhei) of the International Association for Hydrological Sciences (IAHS), the Chair of the working group on Water Scarcity Assessment of the Panta Rhei program, and the vice-president of the Chinese Working Committee for the IAHS-Panta Rhei. He established and was elected as the president of the Society for Ecological Rehabilitation of Beijing (SERB) in 2014, which is the first and still the only provincial-level society recognized by the Chinese government on ecological restoration; two years later, he founded the Union of Societies for Ecological Restoration and Environmental Protection (USEREP), a first officially recognized union by Beijing Association of Science and Technology. Prof. Liu has published more than 130 papers (including over 100 SCI papers) in journals such as Nature, Science, PNAS, Nature Communications, Nature Sustainability and Nature Climate Change, and published 6 books in Chinese or English. The journal articles have been cited more than 5,000 times (Google Scholar). Thanks to Junguo’s outstanding scientific achievements and extensive services to the hydrological communities worldwide, he received many international awards during past years, including the ProSPER.Net-Scopus Young Scientist Award (2011), the Young Researcher Gold Award by China Science Daily (2012), the Distinguished Young Scientist Award from the National Natural Science Foundation in China (2016), the Communication Award of the International Society for Ecological Restoration (2017 ), the Young Scientists Award (one out of eight in all fields in China) from the Ministry of Education of China (2018), and the Science and Technology Award for Chinese Youth (2019). He was the first SUSTech’s professor who has received the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars.
NSFC-funded Major Project on the Land-Ocean Interactions in the Greater Bay Area launched at SUSTech
In the final days of 2018, the National Natural Science Foundation of China launched a major research project for the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area, led by the South China Sea Institute of Oceanology of the Chinese Academy of Science and Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech) in conjunction with the Southern University of Science and Technology and several other institutions. The major research project is intended to study the key processes behind interactions of land and ocean, as well as the mechanisms and regulations for ecological security. SUSTech was the proud host of the meeting, and the School of Environmental Science and Engineering was a key organizer of the meeting. Experts traveled from the Chinese Academy of Sciences, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing Normal University and other institutions to witness the launch and advise on the directions and organization of the major project. Academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, Dr. Zhang Si, is the chief scientist of the project. He first gave an overall briefing of the project, including the background, overall implementation plan, and expected results. Dr. Cai Shuqun, a researcher at the South China Sea Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Professor Zheng Chunmiao from the School of Environmental Science and Engineering at SUSTech, Dr. Zhang Si, Dr. Su Fenzhen, a researcher at the Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, presented the four specific themes of the project, respectively. The experts put forward opinions and suggestions on the project task setting and research plan. Dr. Leng Shuying introduced the management mode of major projects and put forward specific requirements for project implementation. Dr. Zhang Si said that the suggestions would be sorted and summarized, and the established research objectives will be successfully completed. The NSFC funded major project “Key Process of Land-Sea Interaction in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area and the Mechanism of Ecological Security Control” was led by the South China Sea Institute of Oceanology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, in collaboration with SUSTech, the Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen University and Sun Yat-Sen University. The project is aimed at the current and future development of the Greater Bay Area. It is intended to quantify the hydrodynamic mechanism and the key process of material transport at the land-sea interface of the Greater Bay Area under high-intensity disturbance, to explore the underlying mechanism of ecological response and the regulation of ecological security, to establish the hydro-atmospheric-oceanic-ecological dynamics and material cycle model of the Greater Bay Area, and to reveal the key factors that control the key processes of the land-sea interaction in the Greater Bay Area. The project will provide basic scientific and technological support for marine environmental protection, ecological security and land-see joint use optimization in the Greater Bay Area. Professor Zheng Chunmiao from the School of Environmental Science and Engineering at SUSTech is responsible for the second theme of the project, “The Process and Mechanism of Nutrient Migration and Transformation under the Interaction of Land and Ocean.”
SUSTech co-organizes 2030 Sustainable Development Forum
Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech) was one of the co-organizers of the Shenzhen Forum on the Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (the Forum). The Forum was sponsored by the Shenzhen Municipal People's Government. Other co-organizers included the Shenzhen Municipal Science and Technology Innovation Commission, and the Shenzhen Urban Public Safety and Technology Research Institute. More than 300 representatives and experts from national ministries, provinces and municipalities joined representatives from various international institutions, enterprises, universities, research institutes and industry associations at the forum. SUSTech University Council Chairperson Guo Yurong, Vice President Teng Jinguang and Vice Provost (Global Strategies) Zheng Chunmiao attended the event on behalf of SUSTech. The forum also held the opening ceremony of the Shenzhen Institute of Sustainable Development, which was established by the support of SUSTech. This practice marks a new stage of Shenzhen’s sustainable development, fully supported by SUSTech. With the theme of "Supporting innovative sustainable development", the forum aimed to actively deepen international cooperation and extensively explore theoretical and practical issues in the field of sustainable development. It also summarized Shenzhen’s sustainable development experience while detailing the development of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone through the prism of 40 years of reform and opening-up. At the forum, Vice Chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Youba Sokona, Tsinghua SDG Research Institute Co-Chief and former UN Under-Secretary-General Wu Hongbo, Academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and Professor of the School of Environment at Tsinghua University Qian Yi all delivered keynote speeches around the theme of innovation leading a future of sustainability and inclusiveness. January 15th saw a multiparty dialogue presided by Teng Jinguang, with representatives from the government, industry, universities, scientific research institutions, civil organizations, and international organizations attending. On the 16th, the Forum on Innovation and Sustainable Development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area, one of the divisions of the Forum was held at SUSTech. The forum is based on the theme of "New Era, New Opportunities, New Development: Exploring the Emergence of a Sustainable World-Class Bay Area,” and was hosted by Zheng Chunmiao. Deputy Secretary-General of the Shenzhen Municipal Government Liu Jiachen and SUSTech University Council Chairperson addressed the forum. Dozens of professors from the United States, France, South Korea and China gave their opinions about the sustainable development of the Greater Bay Area. Liu Jiachen pointed out that Shenzhen is striving to develop the Greater Bay Area, and every city in this area is essential for the sustainable development chain. Whether it is the manufacturing and industrializing of research and development materials or the sustainability of trade and transportation, each city is creating a more solid and comprehensive Greater Bay Area. Working together, they are forming a sustainable ecosystem that is inseparable and united. Guo Yurong added that innovation is the paramount resource on the path of sustainable development research. The ability to keep innovating is the source of sustainable development. Shenzhen is the smallest city in the first-tier cities with scarce natural resources, so it has relied on high-level talent and innovative ability. As a result, the city has made great leaps forward, as has SUSTech. In just seven years, SUSTech has made incredible breakthroughs, which proves the power of reform and innovation. The Forum is important and influential in sustainable development for both SUSTech and Shenzhen. It fully adheres to the new development concept of innovation, coordination, green, openness and sharing, and focuses on the new situation and requirements of global sustainable development and supply side structural reform in China. New opportunities for urban industrial transformation were shown and an important platform for promoting the exchanges in sustainable development were made. All these efforts are striving to demonstrate the achievements and experiences in China’s sustainable development. February 13, 2018 saw the State Council’s approval of the Shenzhen Municipal Government with the theme of innovation leading the sustainable development of super-large cities, building a national demonstration zone for sustainable development agenda. According to the Shenzhen Sustainable Development Plan (2017-2030) and the Shenzhen National Sustainable Development Agenda Innovation Demonstration Zone Construction Plan (2017-2020), by 2020, Shenzhen will strive to build a model city in an innovative demonstration area. By 2025, Shenzhen will become an internationally advanced city for sustainable development and by 2030, a global innovation city for sustainable development will be built. By this point, Shenzhen’s sustainable development will be at a world-class level, forming a series of renewable and sustainable experiences for the rest of the world.
SUSTech hosts 2018 International Advisory Council meeting
November 19th was the first day of the 2018 International Advisory Council (IAC) meeting of Southern University of Science and Technology (SUSTech). 16 leading international academics of the world’s top universities have joined together to form a think tank for SUSTech’s future development. Great importance has been attached to the event by the Guangdong Provincial Government and the Shenzhen Municipal Government. Vice Mayor of Shenzhen Lixin Wang and Associate Counsel of Guangdong Provincial Department of Education Zicheng Wang attended the opening ceremony. Later that evening, Vice Mayor of Shenzhen Xuefeng Ai met with members of the International Advisory Council (IAC). The IAC members present at the meeting included Henry T. Yang, Chancellor of the University of California at Santa Barbara, Xinhe Bao, President of the University of Science and Technology of China, Jianhua Lin, Former President of Peking University, Edward Byrne, President &Principal of King’s College London, Tony F. Chan, President of King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Lino Guzzella, President of ETH Zurich, Peter Høj, President of the University of Queensland, David Leebron, President of Rice University, David Richardson, President of the University of East Anglia, Louise Richardson, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford, Mark Schlissel, President of University of Michigan, Choon Fong Shih, University Professor of National University of Singapore , Shin Sung Chul, President of Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, and Samuel Stanley, President of Stony Brook University New York. Wei Shyy, President of Hong Kong University of Science and Technology and Tan Eng Chye, President of the National University of Singapore are also the members of the IAC. They have all made great achievements in the international academic and educational circles, have rich experience in running world-class universities, and have high prestige and influence in the global higher education sector. Henry T. Yang serves as Chair of International Advisory Council. When meeting members of the International Advisory Council (IAC) of SUSTech, Lixin Wang introduced Shenzhen’s rapid development and the emphasis the city has placed on higher education. He hoped that all members would provide guidance for SUSTech’s development and internationalization, through their rich experience in running universities and strategic vision. The Guangdong Provincial Government attaches importance to building more high-level universities in the region. It also supports the further development of SUSTech, said Zicheng Wang. He believed that the leading international academics present today would help SUSTech with a global vision, which will power Guangdong's higher education in future. During the meeting, SUSTech’s President Shiyi Chen reported on the “State of the University.” The report mainly covers four aspects. It responded to the 2017 report, covered the progress made this year, and showed the new initiatives and new opportunities available. He also spoke about the challenges faced by SUSTech. He reviewed SUSTech’s progress in areas like student enrollment, faculty, academic structure, and research. Shiyi Chen also highlighted the achievements of 2017, including obtaining the qualification to confer doctoral and master’s degrees in the shortest time, campus construction and the preparation of the School of Medicine. He also introduced the new initiatives of building three academic institutes, including the Creative Design School, the SUSTech-HKUST Joint School of Microelectronics, and School of System Design and Intelligent Manufacturing. He pointed out that there are still some shortcomings when it comes to competing for talent pipeline and resources, but SUSTech is confident when it comes to seizing new opportunities. Subsequently, Vice President Tao Tang talked about “New Initiatives: Undergraduate Education” and “New Progress: Graduate Education.” Vice President Jinguang Teng made a report on the “Development of Major Research Facilities at SUSTech.” Vice Provost for Global Strategies Chunmiao Zheng talked about SUSTech’s global strategic vision. In compliance to Article Twenty-nine, Chapter Three of The Shenzhen Government Ordinance for the Southern University of Science and Technology (2011) , International Advisory Council of SUSTech was founded in 2017. On October 16, 2017 the SUSTech International Advisory Council (IAC) held the first Council meeting and approved the “SUSTech International Advisory Council Chapter.” Later that day, the IAC members visited SUSTech Cryo-Electron Microscopy Research Center. Following that, they went to the students commons to learn about the lives of SUSTech students, where they had in-depth exchanges with the students. -- This article is reproduced from SUSTech News Website: